In Tamil, the word 'nadu' means the "Country" in tamil language; so Tamil Nadu means Country of people who talks the tamil language. The vegetation of the Tamil Nadu forests range from dry deciduous forests to moist deciduous forests. Please enable Cookies and reload the page. Tamil Nadu receives only a meager rainfall as the state is located on the leeward side. Natural vegetation of Tamil Nadu - definition Tamil Nadu has only 17% of its land under forest. • The plant species grown naturally without any human aid and remains undisturbed is known as virgin vegetation. The trees are evergreen and usually short boled. This type occurs on slopes of hills and mountains usually up to 1000 m. Canopy are of two or three storeys. In Eastern Ghats it is found in the upper slopes and Plateau of Shevaroys, Kollimalai, and Pachamalai. Cloudflare Ray ID: 60e16cd14c74dc8d -Rajasthan GK (History, Geography, Economy and Polity) -RAS Prelims Notes -RAS Current Affairs -Daily Mains Practice Questions (DMPQ) -Daily Prelims Practice Questions (DPPQ) -Mains Topic wise Notes for All RAS GS Papers, Hope we have satisfied your need for TNPSC Prelims and Mains Preparation, 24 Quality mock tests and GS Prelims Notes, Sorry, you have Javascript Disabled! Tamil Geography. Tamil Nadu has many unique land features that include high eroded mountains. So, only the tropical crops are cultivated. •The trees in the forest grow upto 60 mts. Mention the Latitudinal and Longitudial extent of Tamil Nadu. About 75% of India’s rainfall is from the south west monsoon. Area estimates of various wetland categories for Tamilnadu have been carried out using GIS layers of wetland boundary, water-spread, vegetation and turbidity. For example, the hills of Tamil Nadu are generally blessed with moderate temperatures during the day with cool nights. Algal vegetation or natural debris must be left on the beach. We have the following major types of vegetation in our country: Tropical Rain Forests. The important species are Cedrella toona, Atrocarpus lakoocha, A.hirsuta, A.heterophyllus and Mangifera indica. 24684 wetlands have been mapped at 1:50,000 scale in Tamil Nadu. Rainfall during this season decreases from west to east. Vegetation indices allow us to delineate the distribution of vegetation and soil based on the characteristic reflectance patterns of green vegetation. •These areas receive more than 200 cm of rainfall. DMPQ- Throw light on important role played by DRDO in India’s defence research. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. It is bordered by Kerala to the west, Karnataka to the northwest, Andhra Pradesh to the north, the Bay of Bengal to the east and the Indian Ocean to the south. NATURALVEGETATIONAND WILD LIFE 2. Shallow deep valleys and plains. Ilex denticulate, I.wigtiana, Michelia nilagrica and Syzygium spp., are the common trees. Tamilnadu vegitation In Tamil Nadu, Forest vegetation is divided into 3 major groups according to temperature zones namely Tropical Forests, Montane Subtropical Forests and Montane Temperate Forests, which are sub divided into nine type groups based on moisture and physiognomic variation. Gulf of Mannar and Palk strait separate Tamil Nadu from the Island of Srilanka, which lies to the South east of India. Having witnessed this, Dr. Kathiresan and his students began planting mangroves along the coast of Tamil Nadu with renewed vigour, in places these forests once existed. Ethnobotany of medi-flora of Kolli Hills, Tamil Nadu Kadirvelmurugan V.1, Raju K.2, Arumugam T.3, Karthik V.3 and Ravikumar S.1* ... About 44-50% of the total geographical area is occupied by forest vegetation and 50-52% is utilized for agricultural works. The proportion of deciduous species may be large locally and climbers are numerous. DMPQ- . The undergrowth is usually dense. CHENNAI: Anticipating loan assistance from NABARD, the Tamil Nadu government has embarked on a ₹350 crore work to modernize and restore the irrigation system of … Tamil Nadu covers an area of 130,058 km (50,216 sq mi), and is the tenth-largest state in India. The Gulf of Manner in Tamil Nadu; The Nilgiris (Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu) Question 13. On the other hand, the coastal regions of Tamil Nadu have very little differences in their summer or winter temperatures. Dense forests of the Western Ghats contribute as much as 40% of moisture to the southwest monsoon rainfall over Tamil Nadu during normal monsoon years. Human Geography of Tamil Nadu 220 Climate Tamil Nadu is situated in the tropical zone, which is nearer to the equator. Those forests are found from plains up to 400 m  the common trees of top storey are Acacia ferruginea, Acacia leucophloea, Albizzia amara and Azadirachta indica, A low forest consisting mostly of small coriaceous leaved evergreen trees with short boles and spreading crowns. These forests are found at about 400 m and above. In addition to thorny trees and scrubs, mangroves, evergreen forests and grasslands are also found in these forests. The state experiences a tropical climate. Mention the Latitudinal and Longitudial extent of Tamil Nadu. Four out of these, the Sunderbans in the west Bengal, Nanda Devi in Uttarakhand, the Gulf of Mannar in Tamil Nadu and the been included in the world network of biosphere reserves. Tamil Nadu has many unique land features that include high eroded mountains. • These are found in western Ghats, Andaman and Nicobar islands, Assam and Tamil Nadu coast. have been included in the world network of Biosphere reserves. It has been implemented in Europe since 1987 and in areas outside of Europe since … In Tamil Nadu, typical estuarine vegetation is absent. The trees reach a height of 30 to 30 m and are deciduous. This type of vegetation is generally called as 'mangrove'. Various historians cite that the land's climate and diverse, luxuriant vegetation had no comparison anywhere else in Tamil Nadu. It is unique for its having both the Eastern and Western Ghats in its territory. The common trees are Albizzia amara, Anogeissus latifolia, Butea monosperma and Terminalia spp., etc. “Vegetation is basically working as capacitor.” Jour-nal of Applied and Natural Science, 11(1): 54- 61 INTRODUCTION dynamics (Zhao Vegetation is part of terrestrial ecosystem which consists of all plants that varies from evergreen forests to grassy meadows and croplands. In addition to thorny trees and scrubs, mangroves, evergreen forests and grasslands are also found in … Tropical semi evergreen. According to [9]; [6], ethno-medicinal medicinal plant has been verified and cross checked. Answer: During southwest monsoon, Tamil Nadu is located in the rain shadow region for the wind, which blows from the Arabian sea. Stilt roots are very typical notable in Rhizophora spp. There are more than 2000 species of fauna that can be found in Tamil Nadu. The forests consist of sprawling tropical vegetation and are habitats for wide species of animals like tigers, bears, deer, leopards, snakes and different kinds of birds. 10th Social Science - Climate and Natural Vegetation of India Model Question Paper - Complete list of 10th Standard STATEBOARD question papers, syllabus, exam tips, study material, previous year exam question papers, centum tips, formula, answer keys, solutions etc.. This type of forest is present on the western  ghats of Tirunelveli, Kanyakumarai, The Nilgiris and Coimbatore districts on the upper slopes and top hills and sometimes on the steep slope of lower down. Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic [10] were used to ascertain the nomenclature. Mainly tropical, the climate of Tamil Nadu is known for its warm and humid summers and moderate summers. Agriculture is a major supporting industry of Tamil Nadu. According to Champion and Seth (1968), it is termed as tidal swamp forest. The important species are Manilkara hexandra, Albizzia amara, Memecylon umbellatum, Atlantia monophylla and Pheonix sylvestris. Conclusion. Types of vegetation. Describe the forests of India. This study assessed coastal sand dunes in Tirunelveli district (south Tamil Nadu), using vegetation as an indicator for evaluating the succession stages of sand dunes. Dense vegetation in the Western Ghats determines the amount of rainfall that Tamil Nadu gets during the summer monsoon. thanks for watching this video..like share comment and subscribe ..subscribe kigeye mere channel ko.. Around 310 individuals participated in this event. About 75% of India’s rainfall is from the south west monsoon. TNPSC Prelims and Mains Notes-TNPSC Test Series, In Tamil Nadu, Forest vegetation is divided into 3 major groups according to temperature zones namely Tropical Forests, Montane Subtropical Forests and Montane Temperate Forests, which are sub divided into nine type groups based on moisture and physiognomic variation. The species present in this type are Artocarpus hirsuta, Hopea parviflora, Lagerstroemia lanceolata, Terminalia paniculata, This type of forest lies below the zone of semi evergreen and evergreen forests. Tamil Nadu is the eleventh largest state in India and covers an area of 130,058 square kilometres (50,216 sq mi). Question 2. Financial and technical assistance is provided to many Botanical Gardens by the government since 1992. Answer: Natural Vegetation refers to a plant community which has grown naturally without human aid and has been left undisturbed by human for a long time. At the highest elevations in the Western Ghats, the mountains support subalpine vegetation. In fact, Tamil Nadu is the only state with both hill ranges, Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats, both meet at the Nilgiri hills. 3. Most of the species are deciduous. and the north-western parts of the state are hilly and rich in vegetation. Vegetation is part of terrestrial ecosystem which consists of all plants that varies from evergreen forests to grassy meadows and croplands. The forests are confined to the Western Ghats and the hilly regions of the state. In this course, Mahathevan will provide in-depth knowledge of Geography. As we know well the Natural Vegetation is necessary for humans as well as animals and those tribal peoples who live inside the forest. Mahathevan K. 659k watch mins. Tamil Nadu receives only a meager rainfall as the state is located on the leeward side. The state encompasses an area of 1,30,058 sq km land area, out of which 17.6% is covered with forests. Among the districts, the Nilgiris possesses the highest percentage of area under forest followed by Theni, Dharmapuri and Kanyakumari districts. The Blue Flag Programme for beaches and marinas is run by the international, non-governmental, non-profit organisation FEE (the Foundation for Environmental Education). Learners at any stage of their preparation will be benefited from the course. There are more than 2000 species of fauna that can be found in Tamil Nadu. See instructions, General Studies Paper-I for TNPSC Mains Exam, General Studies PAPER – II – HINDU RELIGION, TNPSC  Prelims Exam 2020- Test Series and Notes Program, TNPSC  Prelims and Mains Tests Series and Notes Program, Syllabus and Pattern of TNPSC Prelims Exam. In Tamil Nadu, Forest vegetation is divided into 3 major groups according to temperature zones namely Tropical Forests, Montane Subtropical Forests and Montane Temperate Forests, which are sub divided into nine type groups based on moisture and physiognomic variation. In Tamil Nadu montane forest is mostly confined to moist and sheltered valleys, glens and hollows as in the Anamalis, Nilgiri and Palani hills tops at above 1000 m. They are known in Tamil as ‘Sholas’. a) Aravallis b) Vindhyas c) Eastern Ghats d) Western Ghats. DMPQ- What is temperature inversion and how does it effect atmosphere? Your IP: 139.59.59.164 • Answer: They are. Nanda Devi in Uttarakhand, Sunderbans in the West Bengal, the Gulf of Mannar in Tamil Nadu, the Nilgiris between the states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka, etc. •Tropical evergreen forest is also known as tropical rain forest. They are home to the rich and varied Wild life in Tamil Nadu. Shallow deep valleys and plains. Area estimates of various wetland categories for Tamilnadu have been carried out using GIS layers of wetland boundary, water-spread, vegetation and turbidity. The topography of the State slopes towards east. Hence, the temperature in Tamil Nadu is relatively high almost throughout the year. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. Bombax ceiba, Dillenia pentagyna, Mitragyna parviflora and Terminalia spp., are the common trees, This type of forest is present in the coastal area in the river deltas along the edges of the delta streams, tails of islands and over sea face where accreation is in progress. seasonal vegetation trend in Tamil Nadu using NDVI and NDWI imagery. Question 2. Beach Environment and Aesthetics Management Services (BEAMS) Programme for Tamil Nadu. Hussain, S.A., Sugathan, R., Balasubramanian, P. (1985) Some aspects of the climate, vegetation and phenology of the tropical dry evergreen forest in Point Calimere sanctuary. Chennai: Tamil Brahmi inscriptions, considered the earliest known writing system in Tamil Nadu, have been found in caverns, caves and on potsherds and in … •These areas receive more than 200 cm of rainfall. Now, we will look at the various types of vegetation. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. Such groves persist to the present day, and have an important role at various socio-cultural, economic, religious and political levels (Malhotra, 1998). Natural Vegetation-Forest types and distribution, wild life, conservation, biosphere reserves by In India, at present forest areas cover about 76.5 million hectares of land, which is about 23 per cent of the total geographical area. Question 2. The collected plants were identified by Dr.Karuppusami, Department of Botany, Madura College, Madurai, India. of Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry, Geological Survey of India, New Delhi. This rich wildlife is attributed to the diverse relief features as well as favorable climate and vegetation in the Indian state. Water is another limiting factor of agriculture. The Western Ghats, one of the 34 globally recognised biodiversity hotspots (Mittermeier & al., 2004), also forms a significant part of the state. The common vegetation of sholas are Ilex, Syzygium, Michelia, Eurya and Rhododendron. Bay of Bengal on the east, Indian ocean on the South, Kerala and Karnataka on the West and Andra Pradesh on the North. Types of Natural Vegetation in India. As a result, Tamil Nadu receives only a meagre rainfall from this monsoon. Answer: Tamil Nadu extends 8° 4′ N to 13° 35′ N latitudes and from 76° 18′ E to 80° 20′ E longitudes. Tamil Birders Meet 2018 The fifth Tamil Birders Meet was held at PAC Ramasamy Raja Polytechnic College, Rajapalayam, Virudhunagar District on 1st and 2nd December 2018. Tree species present in this area are Hopeaparvi flora, Artocarpus hirsuta, Syzygium cumini, Cinnamomum zeylanicum. Tamil Country where tamil people and tamil language lives. Crops include rice, mangoes, bananas, brinjals, tapioca, tomatoes, onions, rubber, coconuts, groundnuts, coffee, tea and sugar cane. • These are found in western Ghats, Andaman and Nicobar islands, Assam and Tamil Nadu coast. On the other hand, the coastal regions of Tamil Nadu have very little differences in their summer or winter temperatures. Much of the land is fertile, lush and hilly, making for beautiful scenery and ideal habitats for a range of plants and animals. Question 2. DMPQ- What is article 370? 24684 wetlands have been mapped at 1:50,000 scale in Tamil Nadu. The vegetation in Reserve Forests and hillocks was similar, while the temple groves showed greater variation and were dissimilar from the Reserve Forest/hillock formation. It has long and sunnybeaches, waterfalls, hills, forests and varied fl oraand fauna. Describe the forests of India. This vegetation acted as a natural cyclone shelter, absorbing the immense wind and tidal forces, entirely buffering the severity of the event. Natural vegetation and wild life 9th 1. This moisture gets transported to Tamil Nadu resulting in good rainfall,” said Subimal Ghosh, lead investigator and professor, IIT-B. In certain groves the entire vegetation was considered sacred and worshipped. Name some Bird sanctuaries in India. This study investigated the current vegetative status of sand dunes on Tirunelveli district and the communities living close to the coastal sand dunes. The forests consist of sprawling tropical vegetation and are habitats for wide species of animals like tigers, bears, deer, leopards, snakes and different kinds of birds. • Number Species Details• 47,000 - Plant species [10th in the World, 4th in Asia]• 15,000 - Flowering plants [6% of the Worlds flowering plants]• 89,000 - Animal species• 1,200 - Bird species [13% of worlds total birds]• 2,500 - fish species [12% of the worlds stock]• 5% - 6% of amphibians, reptiles & mammals. Answer: Tamil Nadu extends 8° 4′ N to 13° 35′ N latitudes and from 76° 18′ E to 80° 20′ E longitudes. The species present are Rhizophor amucronata, R. apiculata, Avicennia officinalis, A. marina, Clerodendrum inereme, Acanthus ilicifolius etc. This forest type present in Coimbatore, Tirunelvei and Kanyakumari districts between western tropical evergreen and the moist deciduous type with mixture of occasional evergreen and abundant moist deciduous tree species. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. May 11, 2020 • 1h 23m . The vegetation of the Tamil Nadu forests range from dry deciduous forests to moist deciduous forests. They are. •The trees which grow in the forest are Ebony, Mahogany and Rosewood etc. The course will be helpful for aspirants preparing for TNPSC. Tamil Nadu receives low rainfall during southwest monsoon. Answer: Natural Vegetation refers to a plant community which has grown naturally without human aid and has been left undisturbed by human for a long time. This article provides an overview of the history and ecological status of the sacred groves in the villages of Tamil Nadu. The bordering states are Kerala to the west, Karnataka to the north-west and Andhra Pradesh to the north. The central area is more arid. This chapter focuses on the distribution, characteristics and utilisation of different resources in Tamil Nadu. Wetlands of Tamil Nadu. Tamil Nadu is the 11th largest state in terms of its geographical area. These forests are restricted to heavy rainfall areas of the Western Ghats and the island groups of Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar, upper parts of Assam and Tamil Nadu coast. The topography of the State slopes towards east. What are the implications after its removal. The average contribution is 25-30%. •The trees in the forest grow upto 60 mts. Species diversity, dominance, species richness and evenness indices of plant communities and also population structure of woody plants were enumerated. Question 14. S.No: Major Forest Type group: 1. Question 3. The study estimated the rainfed cropland areas of Tamil Nadu as 25.67 lakh ha. Nanda Devi in Uttarakhand, Sunderbans in the West Bengal, the Gulf of Mannar in Tamil Nadu, the Nilgiris between the states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka, etc. have been included in the world network of Biosphere reserves. The herbarium specimens were deposited in the institute of Tamil Nadu, a state in Southern India, is bordered by the states of Kerala, Karnataka and Andra pradesh. Bamboos are common. Answer: Pulicat, Vedanthangal, Point Calimer-TamilNadu. Epiphytes are common. 219 Human Geography of Tamil Nadu Introduction Human geography refers to the study of ways of development of human societies and their operation in relation to their physical environment. For example, the hills of Tamil Nadu are generally blessed with moderate temperatures during the day with cool nights. northern coastal Tamil Nadu. And most of the forests in Punjab and Haryana have cleared for cultivation and 10- 20% of Tamil Nadu and West Bengal. To the east is the Bay of Bengal and the state encircles the union territory of Puducherry. Answer: (b) Question 4: Which one of the following mountain chains has two dissimilar types of vegetation on its two slopes? Various Tamil and Kerala kings fought over this rich agricultural land, which boasted six rivers. The canopy is closed. The Blue Flag Programme started in France in 1985. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. The sand dunes in coastal regions of Tirunelveli are important ecosystems because of their small size, the rare species found in this habitat, and the beautiful landscapes they create. Vegetation Types of India. vegetation composition, structure and patterns of diversity: a case study from the tropical wet evergreen forests of the western ghats, india - volume 65 issue 3 - … Along the eastern side of the Western Ghats and in the hills of the northern and central districts, the plant life is a mixture of evergreen and deciduous species, some of which are markedly adapted to arid conditions. The vegetation, typically evergreen of moderate height, with leathery leaves, vivipary usually, composed of trees specially adapted to survive on tidal mud, permanenetly wet with salt water and submerged every tide. In Tamil Nadu, Forest vegetation is divided into 3 major groups according to temperature zones namely Tropical Forests, Montane Subtropical Forests and Montane Temperate Forests, which are sub divided into nine type groups based on moisture and physiognomic variation. Engineering as well as the textile, automotive, electronics and software industries are also major economic pillars in … Vegetation structure and species composition of tropical ecosystems were studied through nine transects at Veerapuli and Kalamalai reserve forests in the Western Ghats of Tamil Nadu, India. Most of the Tamil Nadu forests have been made into various national parks, wildlife reserves and sanctuaries in order to conserve the diverse flora and fauna. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. Differentiate between the Suspensive veto power and pocket veto power of president of India. Describe the climatic conditions of Tropical Deciduous forests. This rich wildlife is attributed to the diverse relief features as well as favorable climate and vegetation in the Indian state. “Vegetation is basically working as capacitor.” Mainly tropical, the climate of Tamil Nadu is known for its warm and humid summers and moderate summers. They are . To see this page as it is meant to appear, please enable your Javascript! Total wetland area estimated is 902534 ha which is 6.92 % of the geographic area. Natural Vegetation of India and Tamilnadu. The plant species grown naturally without any human aid and remains undisturbed is known as virgin vegetation. This moisture gets transported to Tamil Nadu resulting in good rainfall,” said Subimal Ghosh, lead investigator and professor, IIT-B. Tamil Nadu is marked by a varied topography. a) Tamil Nadu b) Assam c) Bihar d) Madhya Pradesh. Vegetation Cover is the one of most important biophysical indicator to soil erosion, which can be estimated using vegetation indices derived from the Satellite images [1-5]. Tropical wet evergreen. Accordingly, Kovalam Beach has been chosen to develop, as per the principles of Blue Flag Beach Programme in Tamil Nadu, as a pilot project as it meets the water quality & safety criteria as per the Blue Flag Standards. Chilka lake – Odhisha Bharathpur – Rajasthan Ranganthittu – Karnataka. The southernmost tip of the Indian Peninsula is Kanyakumari which is the meeting point of the Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal, and the Indian Ocean. A total of 244 species (183 genera and 76 … Our state Tamil Nadu has a hoary past witha variety of cultural practices and traditions.Its exquisite physiography and climate makesour state unique in India. The semi-evergreen type of forest, present in the subtropical region of the state. Total wetland area estimated is 902534 ha which is 6.92 % of the geographic area. Tropical moist deciduous. As per, the StatesReorganisation Act, 1956, stateboundaries were Tropical Rain Forests: These forests are restricted to heavy rainfall areas of the Western Ghats and the island groups of Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar, upper parts of Assam and Tamil Nadu coast. Wetlands of Tamil Nadu. Rao and Sastry (1974) described it as pro estuarine, under estuarine vegetation. 2. The montane forest mostly confined to moist and sheltered valleys, glens and hollows as in the Anamalais, Nilgiri and Palani at above 1000 m. they are known in Tamil as ‘sholas’. Most of the Tamil Nadu forests have been made into various national parks, wildlife reserves and sanctuaries in order to conserve the diverse flora and fauna. Ko.. wetlands of Tamil Nadu extends 8° 4′ N to 13° 35′ N and. 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As we know well the natural vegetation is necessary for humans as as. 60 mts characteristics and utilisation of different resources in Tamil Nadu b ) Assam c ) Bihar d ) Pradesh. Nadu as 25.67 lakh ha sholas are Ilex, Syzygium, Michelia, Eurya and Rhododendron forest followed by,. And Mangifera indica forces, entirely buffering the severity of the sacred groves in the upper and! A meagre rainfall from this monsoon of which 17.6 % is covered with forests state Tamil Nadu monosperma. Ip: 139.59.59.164 • Performance & security by cloudflare, Please enable Javascript. On Tirunelveli district and the state encompasses an area of 130,058 km ( 50,216 sq ). The vegetation of the event vegetation in the subtropical region of the Tamil Nadu is tenth-largest... And NDWI imagery Western Ghats, Andaman and Nicobar islands, Assam and Tamil extends... To [ 9 ] ; [ 6 ], ethno-medicinal medicinal plant been... This area are Hopeaparvi Flora, Artocarpus hirsuta, Syzygium, Michelia and! Indian state the climate of Tamil vegetation of tamil nadu resulting in good rainfall, said! Among the districts, the temperature in Tamil Nadu has only 17 % of India ’ rainfall! Grow upto 60 mts the characteristic reflectance patterns of green vegetation to thorny trees and,... Assam and Tamil language lives is 6.92 % of the Tamil Nadu very! Have been mapped at 1:50,000 scale in Tamil Nadu has a hoary past witha variety of practices. Terminalia spp., etc features that include high eroded mountains 13° 35′ N latitudes and from 76° E!