A list of few very important plants is given below: 1. The temperature in between 25 to 350 C is perfect for the black gram cultivation in India. The extra axillary position is formed due to the union of peduncle with the stem for some distance beyond the axil. The scientific name of the black gram is “Vigna Mungo”. Floral formula: Economic Importance of Family Papilionaceae: This family is of great economic value. 2. The black gram cultivation has been taken up by the farmers extensively across the tail-end delta. Occasionally it has a twining habit and it is generally pubescent. Black gram farming is done successfully at 1800 meters high from the sea level. Characteristics of Mutation: Ø Mutations are generally recessive; Dominant mutations do occur in nature.. Ø Mutations are generally harmful to organism; small percentage of mutation is beneficial.. Ø Mutation occurs at random in the chromosome, may occur in any gene.. Ø Some genes show higher mutation rate than others. For rice fallow pulses in Delta area, the present recommendation of foliar spray of 2% DAP may be continued. The seeds are rich in proteins and used as ‘dal’. Black gram growing and cultivation practices:Being a short duration crop, it fits well in many intensive crop rotations. Type Of Soil Required For Black Gram Cultivation Phaseolus mungo; Eng.-black gram; Verna. Black gram (Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper) is an erect, fast-growing annual, herbaceous legume reaching 30-100 cm in height. It is mainly consumed as split seeds (husked and unhusked) and husked dal is ground into a fine paste and allowed to ferment Gram pod borer Biology. Solanum nigrum (Black Nightshade, vern. 5.139). They suck plant sap and lower its vitality. Host range : Black gram, green gram, red gram, lobia, cotton, tobacco and cassava Damage symptoms The damage is caused by both nymphs and adults, which are found in large numbers. Urd this is cultivated as a pulse crop in Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab and Bengal. It has a well-developed taproot and its stems are diffusely branched from the base. They'll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today's audiences expect. It is a polyphagous pest, infesting gram, lablab, safflower, chillies, groundnut, tobacco, cotton etc. The egg period lasts for 2-4 days. Transfer of pollen grains from the anther to the stigma of same flower is known as autogamy or self pollination. Health benefits of Black gram. Severe infestation results in premature defoliation, development of sooty mould or honey dew and shedding of flowers and pods. It is also used as green manure crop. World's Best PowerPoint Templates - CrystalGraphics offers more PowerPoint templates than anyone else in the world, with over 4 million to choose from. Probably the most well-known and high nutritional beans is Black Gram.This particular gram belongs to bean family, just like the mung beans species. Autogamy is the closest form of inbreeding. Egg: Spherical, yellowish eggs are laid singly on tender parts and buds of plants. Black gram is used for making various types of south Indian breakfast such as dosa, idli, and vada. Black gram is used as a staple food in India and other parts of subcontinent for many years. Mako or Makoh, Fig. Flower: Black gram cultivation process requires the 60 to 75 cm annual rainfall but heavy rain damage the flower. For yield improvement through increasing the physiological, biochemical attributes, foliar spray of urea 1% on 30 and 45 days after sowing is recommended. Type 1. Foliar spray of 1% urea for yield improvement in black gram. 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