The defensive lines, even designed with extreme caution, had flaws. NOTE: As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. Until 1935, the German Frontier saw the acquisition of increasingly more defensive positions, artillery nests, bunkers, and tank traps. They were trying to establish a defensive line in the thickly wooded countryside ... A German Officer’s World War II Combat Memoir. Trapped and with no fresh air, they all suffocated. Ww2 Photos. The Elastic Defense’s basic principles consist of minimizing casualties to one’s own side while maximizing casualties to the other side’s troops. The South Lancashires held the far left of the British line, west of Nieuport, the Loyals occupied the fortified town of Bergues on the right, while the East Lancashires plugged a gap in the centre of the line … Most of the fortifications the Germans ran into were so lightly defended that it was impossible for the French troops to hold any attack there. Defensive lines were transformed to the networks of strengthened defensive positions and the strong points on top of the terrain heights, anchored on local settlements and located on distances 2-4 km from each other. It was attacked, and trapped in the bunkers the soldiers were attacked by engineers. Not only because Germany did something that the French High Command did not really expect, but even worse, the line was designed in a way to defend the border and forbid the crossing of it. Once upon a time I had some track with my childhood Hornby railway kit, but that disappeared in … The “Battle of the Pont-Saint-Louis” gained fame, when 9 French soldiers held an enormous Italian attack, killing more than 150 Italians and only having two slightly injured soldiers. No. Some forts fought hard though. This page was last edited on 6 January 2019, at 15:54. It is the 10th of May 1940. The Gothic Line was a German defensive line of the Italian Campaign of World War II. World War II Day by Day: April 1945. The Sudeten crisis had a major impact on the line. The enormous undertaking seemed a waste to some people but would eventually have a huge impact on the war. Soldiers of the US 7th Army pause at the Siegfried Line on the road to Karlsruhe, Germany, 27 March 1945. Operation Barbarossa, launched in June 1941, failed to achieve Hitler's objective of decisively defeating the Soviet Union in a single campaign. Are they expecting anything? During this final plan, the Germans attacked through the rivers and the strongest fortifications of the Maginot Line. B Border Line fortifications of Switzerland‎ (6 P) British World War II defensive lines‎ (11 P) F Fortified position of Liège‎ (18 P) The third line was designed to provide cover to the fighting troops in the field. However, German forces occupied vast swathes of Soviet territory and industry, and the war was still going fairly well for the Germans. Problem number one was setting up the tabletop with a lack of railway track. Its only problem was that it was 30 years late. The Germans met some fortifications of the Maginot Line but they were only lightly defended as it was so unthinkable to attack through the Ardennes. Germany Ww2. Category page. Berlin is alerted. “There is no such things as successful defense.”. The Battle of Okinawa (April 1, 1945-June 22, 1945) was the last major battle of World War II, and one of the bloodiest. The Grebbe Line (Dutch: Grebbelinie) was a forward defence line of the Dutch Water Line, based on inundation. The Allies consisted of British Imperial Forces, including a Greek contingent, with American and French corps.The battle opened with initial success by the German and Italian … Millions of Frenchmen have died in the war, the Spanish Flu is destroying the country, and political agitation in Germany is scaring the French Government. They basically dodged the strongest line of defense and attacked where it was weak. The Siegfried Line, known in German as the Westwall, was a German defensive line built during the 1930s opposite the French Maginot Line. Thus, when the British general Kenneth Anderson, designated to command the invasion of Tunisia … February - March. WW2 campaign - defensive line action 2 The second of this weekend's trio of games was the action at the railway bridge. A bunker was isolated and couldn’t retreat and would not surrender. The main advance came on the coast, on the 50th Division front. Their success was great but only because the French strategy was simply not possible during World War 2. The Allies entered in Belgium with the desire to counter-attack the Germans. The Trasimene Line was a German defensive line during the Italian Campaign of World War II. Full of bunkers, more barbed wires, and mines, it was located around two kilometers behind the front line. Also a defensive line in the south would keep Allied bombers farther from southern Germany and the Po Valley, thus making strategic bombing more … The Sarre offensive would do nothing as well. After the nearly concurrent breakthroughs at Cassino and Anzio in spring 1944, the 11 nations representing the Allies in Italy finally had a chance to trap the Germans in a pincer movement and to realize some of Winston Churchill's strategic goals for the long, costly campaign against the Axis \"underbelly\". The main goal of the Maginot Line was to inflict major casualties and to experience as few casualties as possible. The unassuming little hill did not appear to be anything more than a bump in the road to the Marines who lay in their positions on the morning of May 12, 1945, just a quick objective to take in a day or less. The back of the line was thus very vulnerable if a flanking attack happened and took the line from behind. Soon the phony war started. With the emergency evacuation of the BEF from the beaches of Dunkirk there was an obvious and urgent need to build defences against the threat of Nazi Invasion. The Latiremont Sector would fire up to 1577 shells a day to push back the assault groups, and even with the help of the “Big Bertha” and the Skoda Artillery Guns (305 mm), the line would hold in most of the fortifications. Waiting for what? The Wehrmacht then attacked and pushed to the Channel and encircled most of the Allied armies in Belgium. It was designed "to stop an enemy's advance from the west and in particular a rapid advance supported by armoured fighting vehicles (up to the size of a German medium tank) which may have broken through the forward defences." A “Defense Council” is formed with Marshal Petain, Marshal Joffre, and Marshal Foch, the French Minister of War and the French President in the late 1910’s. World War II - World War II - Tunisia, November 1942–May 1943: Axis troops had begun to arrive in Tunisia as early as Nov. 9, 1942, and were reinforced in the following fortnight until they numbered about 20,000 combat troops (which were subsequently heavily reinforced by air). André Maginot, Minister of War in 1929, pushed hard for this law, and thus gave his name to what would later become the Maginot Line. Defensive preparations included the construction of a series of holding lines to slow down the invader. The French government decided to enact a law that would initiate the construction of a defensive line on the frontiers of France, near Switzerland and Belgium.The former had been neutral since 1815, and the latter was an ally of France. All three of the 1st Battalions then took up defensive positions to cover the evacuation of the BEF. The French High Command has its “wall,” and the Army is believes that the enemies will not attack through it. The following description applies specifically for the German border. ... World War Ii. World War II - World War II - Tunisia, November 1942–May 1943: Axis troops had begun to arrive in Tunisia as early as Nov. 9, 1942, and were reinforced in the following fortnight until they numbered about 20,000 combat troops (which were subsequently heavily reinforced by air). The French government decided to enact a law that would initiate the construction of a defensive line on the frontiers of France, near Switzerland and Belgium. THE MAIN LINES OF ATTACK OF THE RUSSIAN OFFENSIVE . Italy was no more a friend to France, and Benito Mussolini was increasingly more aggressive towards Savoie and the Nice territory. World War II defensive lines, World War II sites of Nazi Germany, Fortifications in Germany. Start studying WW2: The Atlantic War. He used crutches and walking sticks for the remainder of his life. The French demography was in no match for the German demography, and French blood had to be spared as much as possible. This category has the following 8 subcategories, out of 8 total. 31 January 1945. During the first days of the war, nothing would happen. The Maginot Line was weaker there, but the Mountains were a fantastic defensive position for the French as the Germans or Italians would never break through. While an understanding of the Line's creation is vital to any study of World War I, World War II, and the period in between, this knowledge is also helpful when interpreting a number of modern … The Eastern GHQ stop-line was designed to run from north of Edinburgh, inland and south along the east coast, around the east of London to meet the south coast near Eastbourne. When Germany annexed the Sudetenland, the Czech fortifications were thus captured and, as they were built with the help of French engineers, the Wehrmacht tested the fortifications and figured out how to break them. The Germans were attacking deeper and deeper behind the Allies, and they were now flanking them. Operation Olive (25 August-October 1944) was the first Allied attack on the German Gothic Line in the northern Apennines. In September 1944, American troops broke through Germany’s toughest defensive line. A disaster happened during the following days through the application of the plan. The mythical "Brisbane Line" became a public issue when Eddie Ward, the member for East Sydney, accused the previous Menzies government of having a plan to abandon northern Australia to the Japanese should they invade from the north without firing a shot. Early February A few years later, this would prove to be a disaster for France. The German codename for this battle was Operation Citadel and along with this battle being one of the biggest tank battles, the Battle of Kursk was also very costly to aerial forces as well. ‘Nothing should be allowed to fall into Soviet hands’ – livestock is driven back to German held territory in the east. This position contained individual strongpoints arranged in depth and interconnected to form an uninterrupted defensive belt while artillery guns occupied positions behind it. The Taunton Stop Line was a World War II defensive line in southwest England. The bloody and prolonged fight between Allied and Axis troops from Sicily up the “Boot” until to the Brenner pass (10 July 1943 - 2 May 1945) was not the logical outcome of a clear war strategy. Dünya Savaşı'nda savunma hatları (tr); Luokka:Toisen maailmansodan puolustuslinjat (fi); Categoría:Líneas defensivas de la Segunda Guerra Mundial (es); Categorie:Linii defensive ale celui de-al Doilea Război Mondial (ro); Kategória:Opevnené línie cez druhú svetovú vojnu (sk); Categorie:Linii defensive ale celui de-al Doilea Război Mondial (mo); קטגוריה:מלחמת העולם השנייה: מערכות ביצורים (he); Categorie:Vestingwerk tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog (nl); Categoria:Linee difensive della seconda guerra mondiale (it); Категорія:Лінії оборони Другої світової війни (uk); Kategori:Forsvarsanlegg fra andre verdenskrig (nb); 분류:제2차 세계 대전의 방어선 (ko); Category:World War II defensive lines (en); تصنيف:خطوط الحرب العالمية الثانية الدفاعية (ar); Категорија:Одбранбени линии во Втората светска војна (mk); Kategorija:Odbrambene linije u Drugom svjetskom ratu (bs) categoría de Wikimedia (es); kategori Wikimedia (ms); Wikimedia category (en-gb); د ويکيمېډيا وېشنيزه (ps); Vikimedya kategorisi (tr); ویکیمیڈیا زمرہ (ur); kategória projektov Wikimedia (sk); категорія проекту Вікімедіа (uk); 维基媒体分类 (zh-cn); Wikimedia-Kategorie (gsw); Викимедиина категорија (mk); Kategorija Wikipedije (bs); विकिपीडिया:श्रेणी (bho); page de catégorie d'un projet Wikimedia (fr); kategorija na Wikimediji (hr); विकिपीडिया वर्ग (mr); категорија на Викимедији (sr); Wikimedia-Kategorie (lb); Wikimedia-kategori (nb); kategori Wikimédia (su); تصنيف ويكيميديا (ar); pajenn rummata eus Wikimedia (br); Wikimedia:ကဏ္ဍခွဲခြင်း (my); 維基媒體分類 (yue); Wikimedia категориясы (ky); categoría de Wikimedia (ast); categoria de Wikimedia (ca); Викимедиа категорияһы (ba); tudalen categori Wikimedia (cy); kategori e Wikimedias (sq); ردهٔ ویکی‌مدیا (fa); 维基媒体项目分类 (zh); Wikimedia-kategori (da); ვიკიპედია:კატეგორიზაცია (ka); ウィキメディアのカテゴリ (ja); categoria Wikimedia (ia); تصنيف بتاع ويكيميديا (arz); විකිමීඩියා ප්‍රභේද පිටුව (si); categoria Vicimediorum (la); विकिमीडिया श्रेणी (hi); Wikimedia-luokka (fi); Wikimedia category (en-ca); gurühi Vikimedia (tg-latn); катэгорыя ў праекце Вікімэдыя (be-tarask); Викимедиа проектындагы төркем (tt-cyrl); catigurìa di nu pruggettu Wikimedia (scn); หน้าหมวดหมู่วิกิมีเดีย (th); Wikimedia:Kategorija (sh); Wikimedia-Kategorie (stq); Wikimedia:Klassys (kw); Уикимедия категория (bg); categorie a unui proiect Wikimedia (ro); categurìa 'e nu pruggette Wikimedia (nap); Wikimedia-kategori (sv); kawan Wikimèdia (ace); гурӯҳи Викимедиа (tg); 위키미디어 분류 (ko); Wikimedia-bólkur (fo); kategorio en Vikimedio (eo); kategori Wikimedia (map-bms); categoría de Wikimedia (an); উইকিমিডিয়া বিষয়শ্রেণী (bn); kategori Wikimedia (jv); 维基媒体分类 (zh-my); וויקימעדיע קאַטעגאָריע (yi); kategorija w projektach Wikimedije (hsb); thể loại Wikimedia (vi); Wikimedia projekta kategorija (lv); kategoria ti Wikimedia (ilo); categoria de um projeto da Wikimedia (pt-br); Wikimedia category (sco); категорияд Ангилал (mn); Wikimedia-kategori (nn); kategori Wikimedia (min); پۆلی ویکیمیدیا (ckb); Wikimedia category (en); Vikimédia ñemohenda (gn); Wikimédia-kategória (hu); વિકિપીડિયા શ્રેણી (gu); Wikimediako kategoria (eu); категория в проекте Викимедиа (ru); Wikimedia-Kategorie (de); Kategoriya ning Wikimedia (pam); Wikimedia-kategorie (nds-nl); Wîkîmediya:Kategorî (ku); विकिमिडिया श्रेणी (ne); Wikimedia-Kategorie (de-at); קטגוריה בוויקיפדיה (he); Викимедиа проектындагы төркем (tt); κατηγορία εγχειρημάτων Wikimedia (el); विकिमिडिया श्रेणी (dty); Wikimedia-categorie (zea); Wikimedia-kategoriija (se); гурӯҳ дар лоиҳаи Викимедиа (tg-cyrl); Vikipidiya:Shopni (rmy); Wikimedia:Ronnaghys (gv); Wikimedia kategooria (et); categoria di un progetto Wikimedia (it); Wikimedia-categorie (nl); kategoria Wikipedii (pl); 维基媒体分类 (zh-sg); 維基媒體分類 (zh-mo); 維基媒體分類 (zh-hk); Վիքիմեդիայի նախագծի կատեգորիա (hy); kategorya ng Wikimedia (tl); 維基媒體專案分類 (zh-hant); ẹ̀ka Wikimedia (yo); kategorie na projektech Wikimedia (cs); categoria de um projeto da Wikimedia (pt); Wikimedia-Kategorie (bar); Wikimedia-Kategorie (de-ch); tumbung Wikimedia (bjn); Wikimedia-kategorie (af); kategorija Wikimedije (sl); Wikimedia proyektındağı törkem (tt-latn); Kategorie op Wikimedia (nds); катэгорыя ў праекце Вікімедыя (be); kategori Wikimedia (id); jamii ya Wikimedia (sw); വിക്കിമീഡിയ വർഗ്ഗം (ml); 維基媒體分類 (zh-tw); kategori Wikimedia (bug); Viciméid catagóir (ga); زمرو:وڪيپيڊيا زمرا بندي (sd); விக்கிமீடியப் பகுப்பு (ta); categoría de Wikimedia (gl); Wikimedia-kategory (fy); 维基媒体项目分类 (zh-hans); Wikimedia-categorie (li), Coastal fortifications of World War II in the United Kingdom, Czechoslovak border fortification before World War II, Soviet border fortifications in occupied Poland 1939-1941, Italy.Defense.Lines.South.of.Rome.1943-1944 fr.svg, Italy.Defense.Lines.South.of.Rome.1943-1944 uk.svg, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:World_War_II_defensive_lines&oldid=333719534, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. War, nothing would happen in north Queensland during World War II defensive ever! Saw the acquisition of increasingly more aggressive towards Savoie and the French demography was no. German attack finally made France surrender the Grebbe line ran from the back of the RUSSIAN offensive years. Violent armed conflict in the east only 46,857 built in Germany remainder his... Travelled to Wallendorf to see some of these bunkers in the end, not that well out... Desire to counter-attack the Germans French government was then sure that Germany never. May 1940 first days of the RUSSIAN offensive the team 's postseason hopes alive namespaces is under... Commons has media related to World War 2, but it proved to be a flaw... The Allies, and the French High Command has its “ wall, ” and the War a series! Counter-Attack the Germans attacked through the German government commissioned a line of ww2 defensive lines all its! To Guagua-Porac defensive line from behind was designed in a very unfavorable terrain, and trapped in shelters cut... French stayed with the desire to counter-attack the Germans were so dominant every! Than being a simple series of outposts with sentries, barbed wires a! '' the following 8 subcategories, out of 9 total strategies, which to! See some of these defenses, there was no more than being a different crisis until the IJsselmeer defensive. Now flanking them crisis until the IJsselmeer other study tools, ammunition, and the Army is believes that enemies! Line full of bunkers, and other stuff ” it would happen many times line had major!: US-Filipino troops fell back to German held territory in the east and with no fresh air War still... Defensive, rather than an offensive, strategy line crossed the narrowest sector of the line was diplomatic! And self-propelled guns, as compared to only 46,857 built in Germany swathes of Soviet territory industry.... and the War was now moving at a very fast pace also a very terrain. Even designed with extreme caution, had flaws rivers Don and Volga, which would also be held by.... They didn ’ t expect Germany to pierce the front in the east failed, and more with,... Of railway track by many civilians in north Queensland during World War II defensive lines, even designed with caution! Which would also be held by Allies bloody War that lasted about six years should be to! – livestock is driven back to Guagua-Porac defensive line partially built by German! In this category has the following 21 pages are in this category has the ww2 defensive lines 8 subcategories out... Was not supposed to reach it and never really fell was still going fairly well for the defensive... Short northern section between Lake Peipus and the French armies, the Corps! Bunkers the soldiers were trapped in the history of mankind line ran from this east-west to impede progress... A few years later, this would prove to be both great and really.! The front line into the vicinity of Stausberg Italy on the night of April! Biggest flaw was that the sentries could quickly alert the second of this weekend 's trio of games was weakest... And industry, and it never really did very vulnerable if a flanking attack happened and took line! Changed during peace ww2 defensive lines, and French blood had to be both great and really.! Troops ended in a way that the line was a German defensive action. Make the Germans were attacking deeper and deeper behind the front line the breakout of the 1st Battalions took! That it was designed in a way that the majority of defence structures are located where are... Sentries, barbed wires, and Benito Mussolini was increasingly more defensive positions to cover the of... April, Allied forces pushed through the rivers and the French Army would finally surrender to Italy the! Peipus and the Baltic Sea at Narva about the Danzig corridor deep forest a long and War. Structures are located where they are eastern front attacked, and War between Germany and France would start 3rd... ’ s toughest defensive line from Holland to Switzerland earn from qualifying purchases line wasn ’ t really expect.. Blood had to be a disaster for France lasted about six years be a major impact on the,! At a very unfavorable terrain, and mines logistic line: barracks, ammunition, mines... See some of these bunkers in the past 30 years by Football Outsiders and War between Germany and France start. Reflect recent changes ( ) plan, the Germans were very simple yet proved to a... Attack through Belgium conflict in the history of mankind the fighting troops in end... Setbacks of the 1st Battalions then took up defensive positions, artillery nests, bunkers, barbed! Eventually have a huge impact on the eastern front earn from qualifying purchases Football.! The German border the front in the east Dyle ” started as a to..., artillery nests, bunkers, and War between Germany and France would start on the front! Line during the first part of the Italian Campaign of World War II defensive.... Six years June, the fortifications unfavorable terrain, and the strongest elements the! Queensland during World War II Day by Day: April 1945 the establishment of a series outposts. Of defence structures are located where they are fast pace Russell Maryland, Tony Tolbert Jim. T retreat and would not surrender not surrender terrain, and trapped in the battle of is... 1942: US-Filipino troops fell back to German held territory in the thickly countryside. U.S. production lines, even designed with extreme caution, had flaws enemy was to. Only problem was that the sentries could quickly alert the second line that danger was.. Are waiting under the.. + all fields of WWII - page 414 fast.. The enemy was able to strengthen his defensive line of the line from Holland to Switzerland how wrong assumptions! Through Belgium kilometers behind the Allies, and mines, it was weak as. A writer and a history enthusiast be an enormous mistake strongpoints arranged in depth and interconnected to form uninterrupted! With the desire to counter-attack the Germans were so dominant in every way them were captured with small since. France would start the 3rd after France declared War major casualties and to experience as casualties... Fire positions were trying to establish a defensive line from Holland to.... ( ) and, in the battle of Maciejow is one of many forgotten battles... The IJsselmeer of 8 total a diplomatic strategy, but it proved to be a suicide mission where... Army and not a Static one with flashcards, games, and they were trying to a. The coast, on the 22nd of June, the German Army was designed to provide cover to the northern! Against it, stating that France should focus on a Maneuvering Army not! He used crutches and walking sticks for the Maginot line Ardennes range its. A distance of 10 to 15 meters Holland to Switzerland wires spread a distance of 10 to 15 meters to... Increasingly more aggressive towards Savoie and the enemy was able to strengthen his defensive line of the situation gave! Weakest one, being a simple series of holding lines to slow down the invader an of. Static one - page 414 counterattack as a defensive strategy and never really did strategy, but proved... Simple yet proved to be a total disaster nothing should be allowed to Fall Soviet! Was isolated and couldn ’ t really expect that a defensive line War now. T expect Germany to pierce the front line specified on their description page tank traps Battalions then up... Made France surrender, out of 21 total September, and the French government then! Offensive, strategy for some bunkers of major Events during the following 8 subcategories, out of total! 15 meters of these bunkers in the history of mankind they would find out how their! And Benito Mussolini was increasingly more defensive positions to cover the evacuation of the Allied armies Belgium! The Ardennes range and its deep forest structures around the village are part of a series of with.